The Biochemical journal vol:223 issue:2 pages:461-5
Highly purified bilirubin UDP-glucuronyltransferase from Wistar-rat liver, when reconstituted with Gunn-rat liver microsomes (microsomal fraction), was able to catalyse the conversion of unesterified bilirubin into both bilirubin monoglucuronide and diglucuronide. Under zero-order kinetic conditions for monoglucuronide formation, the fraction of bilirubin diglucuronide formed by incubation of bilirubin with the reconstituted highly purified transferase accounted for 18% of total bilirubin glucuronides, which was only slightly lower than the fraction of diglucuronides (23% of total bilirubin glucuronides) formed by incubation with hepatic microsomes in the presence of UDP-N-acetylglucosamine or Lubrol. The reconstituted purified enzyme also catalysed the UDP-glucuronic acid-dependent conversion of bilirubin monoglucuronide into diglucuronide and, when bilirubin was incubated with UDP-glucose or UDP-xylose, the formation of bilirubin glucosides and xylosides respectively. These results suggest that a single microsomal bilirubin UDP-glycosyltransferase may be responsible for the formation of bilirubin mono- and di-glycosides.