Evaluation of: Yamamoto D, Ghosh S, Ganesh B etal.: Analysis on genetic diversity and molecular evolution of human group B rotaviruses based on whole genome segments. J. Gen. Virol. 91(Pt 7), 1772-1781 (2010). Rotaviruses are members of the Reoviridae family, causing severe diarrheal illness and death in humans and animals. They have been subdivided into at least seven serological groups (A-G), and, recently, a new rotavirus known as 'new adult diarrhea virus' or ADRV-N was discovered. Only in group A rotaviruses have a substantial number of strains been analyzed completely on the molecular level. For groups B, C and ADRV-N rotaviruses a very limited number of complete genomes are available, and for group D, E and F no sequence data are available at all. Here, Yamamoto and colleagues describe the full genomic characterization of four human group B rotaviruses isolated in India, Bangladesh and Myanmar. These four strains were analyzed phylogenetically and individual gene segments were compared with their group A and C counterparts, indicating that functionally important motifs and structural characteristics were conserved. This study, together with others, highlights the need for complete genome analysis of rotaviruses, in order to study their genetic evolution, the occurrence of reassortments, crossing of the host-species barrier and their classification. Upcoming new mass sequencing technologies are expected to speed up the process of filling in the gaps in our data.