Infection, Genetics and Evolution vol:10 issue:7 pages:1140-1144
The full-length genome of a rare human G8P rotavirus strain, BP1062/04, identified during a surveillance study in Hungary was determined and analyzed. This strain showed a G8-P-I2-R2-C2-M2-A11-N2-T6-E2-H3 genomic constellation. Phylogenetic analysis of each genome segment revealed common origins with selected animal and zoonotic human strains. The closest relatedness was seen with suspect zoonotic Hungarian G6P strains in the NSP1 and NSP3 gene phylogeny, with ovine strains in the VP1, VP2, NSP4 gene phylogeny, and with bovine strains in the NSP5 gene phylogeny. The outer capsid VP7 and VP4 genes could not be derived from cognate genes of any known human or animal G8P strains. The remaining genes, NSP2, VP3 and VP6, gave no definite clues to the host origin, although each was clearly different from true human strains. Altogether, our findings suggest that strain BP1062/04 represents an example of a direct zoonotic transmission event.