Title: Third Belgian multicentre survey of antibiotic susceptibility of anaerobic bacteria
Authors: Wybo, Ingrid ×
Piérard, Denis
Verschraegen, Inge
Reynders, Marijke
Vandoorslaer, Kristof
Claeys, Geert
Delmée, Michel
Glupczynski, Youri
Gordts, Bart
Ieven, Margaretha
Melin, Pierrette
Struelens, Marc
Verhaegen, Jan
Lauwers, Sabine #
Issue Date: Jan-2007
Series Title: The Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy vol:59 issue:1 pages:132-9
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: To collect recent data on the susceptibility of anaerobes and to compare them with results from previous studies. METHODS: Four hundred and forty-three anaerobic clinical isolates from various body sites were prospectively collected from October 2003 to February 2005 in nine Belgian hospitals. MICs were determined for nine anti-anaerobic and three recently developed antibiotics. RESULTS: Most gram-negative bacilli except Fusobacterium spp. were resistant to penicillin. Piperacillin/tazobactam, metronidazole, chloramphenicol, meropenem and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid were very active against all groups, but only 86% of Bacteroides fragilis group strains were susceptible to the latter. Cefoxitin, cefotetan and clindamycin were less active. In particular, only 62%, 52% and 48% of B. fragilis group strains were susceptible, respectively. Clindamycin shows a continuing decrease in activity, as 83% were still susceptible in 1987 and 66% in 1993-94. Anti-anaerobic activity of the new antibiotics is interesting, with MIC50 and MIC90 of 1 and >32 mg/L for moxifloxacin, 2 and 4 mg/L for linezolid and 0.5 and 8 mg/L for tigecycline. CONCLUSIONS: The susceptibility of anaerobic bacteria remains stable in Belgium, except for clindamycin, which shows a continuous decrease in activity. However, for each of the tested antibiotics, at least a few resistant organisms were detected. Consequently, for severe infections involving anaerobic bacteria, it could be advisable to perform microbiological testing instead of relying on known susceptibility profiles. Periodically monitoring background susceptibility remains necessary to guide empirical therapy.
ISSN: 0305-7453
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Clinical Bacteriology and Mycology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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