The visibility of micro calcifications is a determining factor for digital mammography. To address the problem of quantification, we developed a procedure to simulate micro calcifications into real mammograms. First, the shapes, sizes and x-ray transmission coefficients of real micro calcifications were derived from the appearance of biopsy specimens in the raw data of magnified, digital images acquired at 27 kVp and Mo/Mo anode-filter combination. This allowed us to create "ideal templates" of micro calcifications. The x-ray transmissions of the real micro calcifications values were expressed in Al-equivalent thickness. This made it possible to recalculate the x-ray transmission characteristics of a particular ideal template for other x-ray beam qualities. Extra corrections for differences in spatial resolution were based on the presampled two-dimensional modulation transfer functions and on the difference in pixel size. Three radiologists compared the appearance of real and simulated micro calcifications in a two-alternative forced choice (2AFC) evaluation. They perceived no differences between real and simulated lesions. Preliminary results show that it is possible to simulate micro calcifications with well defined characteristics that are indistinguishable from real ones. It should be noted, however, that the full potential of the approach has not been proven. In future work, these templates may be useful to evaluate particular aspects of digital mammograms, such as the effects of processing and of viewing conditions on the visibility of micro calcifications.