Meta-Analysis of effectiveness or lack thereof of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors for prevention of heart failure in patients with systemic hypertension
Angeli, Fabio × Verdecchia, Paolo Reboldi, Gian Paolo Gattobigio, Roberto Bentivoglio, Maurizio Staessen, Jan A Porcellati, Carlo #
The American journal of cardiology vol:93 issue:2 pages:240-3
We undertook a meta-analysis of large, randomized controlled trials in hypertensive subjects that compared angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors with different classes of antihypertensive drugs. Compared with subjects randomized to drugs different from ACE inhibitors, those treated with ACE inhibitors did not show a different risk of congestive heart failure (CHF) (odds ratio 1.03, 95% confidence interval 0.96 to 1.12, p = 0.407). The degree of protection from CHF associated with the use of ACE inhibitors showed a nonsignificant trend to increase with age and the degree of blood pressure control. Thus, the hypothesis that ACE inhibitors are superior to other antihypertensive drugs for prevention of CHF in hypertension remains unproven.