Journal of human hypertension vol:17 issue:5 pages:325-32
The 825T allele of the G-protein beta(3)-subunit is associated with increased intracellular signalling. Its association with hypertension is inconsistent. We, therefore, studied the C825T polymorphism in relation to ambulatory blood pressure as well as left ventricular structure and function in two European populations. We genotyped 248 parents and 318 offspring, enrolled in the European Project on Genes in Hypertension in Cracow, Poland (n=286) and in Novosibirsk, Russian Federation (n=280). The 24-h ambulatory blood pressure was recorded using oscillometric SpaceLabs 90207 monitors. Within each centre, a single observer performed two-dimensionally guided M-mode echocardiography and Doppler sonography to measure left ventricular structure (American Society of Echocardiography conventions) and diastolic function: early (E) and late (A) peak diastolic inflow velocities. We used analysis of covariance and generalized estimating equations to allow for covariables and nonindependence among related subjects. Genotype frequencies were similar (P=0.25) in Cracow and Novosibirsk and amounted to 44.7% for CC, 47.2% for CT, and 8.1% for TT. Among parents (mean age: 51.3 years)-but not among offspring (mean age 25.1 years)-24-h, daytime and night time systolic blood pressures were 5-6 mmHg higher in TT homozygotes than in C allele carriers. In TT homozygous parents (-8.2 cm/sec, P=0.004) as well as in TT homozygous offspring (-7.5 cm/sec, P=0.02), the E-wave was significantly reduced, which in offspring also resulted in a lower E/A ratio (-0.25, P=0.002). Neither in parents nor in offspring, left ventricular mass index was associated with the C825T polymorphism. In conclusion, in TT homozygotes of both generations, early left ventricular relaxation was reduced. In TT homozygous parents, the latter observation might be because of the higher systolic pressure associated with the TT genotype.