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Title: Genes that determine immunology and inflammation modify the basic defect of impaired ion conductance in cystic fibrosis epithelia
Authors: Stanke, Frauke ×
Becker, Tim
Kumar, Vinod
Hedtfeld, Silke
Becker, Christian
Cuppens, Harry
Tamm, Stephanie
Yarden, Jennifer
Laabs, Ulrike
Siebert, Benny
Fernandez, Luis
Macek, Milan
Radojkovic, Dragica
Ballmann, Manfred
Greipel, Joachim
Cassiman, Jean-Jacques
Wienker, Thomas F
Tümmler, Burkhard #
Issue Date: Jan-2011
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
Series Title: Journal of Medical Genetics vol:48 issue:1 pages:24-31
Abstract: Background The cystic fibrosis (CF) basic defect, caused by dysfunction of the apical chloride channel CFTR in the gastrointestinal and respiratory tract epithelia, has not been employed so far to support the role of CF modifier genes. Methods Patients were selected from 101 families with a total of 171 F508del-CFTR homozygous CF patients to identify CF modifying genes. A candidate gene based association study of 52 genes on 16 different chromosomes with a total of 182 genetic markers was performed. Differences in haplotype and/or diplotype distribution between case and reference CF subpopulations were analysed. Results Variants at immunologically relevant genes were associated with the manifestation of the CF basic defect (0.01<Praw<0.0001 at IL1B, TLR9, TNFα, CD95, STAT3 and TNFR). The intragenic background of F508del-CFTR chromosomes determined disease severity and manifestation of the basic defect (Praw=0.0009). Allele distributions comparing transmitted and non-transmitted alleles were distorted at several loci unlinked to CFTR. Conclusions The inherited capabilities of the innate and adaptive immune system determine the manifestation of the CF basic defect. Variants on F508del-CFTR chromosomes contribute to the observed patient-to-patient variability among F508del-CFTR homozygotes. A survivor effect, manifesting as a transmission disequilibrium at many loci, is consistent with the improvement of clinical care over the last decades, resulting in a depletion of risk alleles at modifier genes. Awareness of non-genetic factors such as improvement of patient care over time is crucial for the interpretation of CF modifier studies.
URI: 
ISSN: 0022-2593
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Department of Human Genetics - miscellaneous
Forensic Biomedical Sciences
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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