Cytogenetic and Genome Research vol:114 issue:1 pages:39-43
On the basis of fine mapping of a quantitative trait loci region of BTA3 for milk fat content, an examination of the comparative map between cattle and human indicates that the annexin 9 protein gene (ANXA9) and the fatty acid transport protein type 3 gene (SLC27A3) are two strong candidate genes. The objective of the present study is to isolate, map and characterize these genes and identify polymorphisms that could be further utilized in linkage or association studies. Furthermore, two new genes which are in the same region, cingulin protein gene (CGN) and lysophosphatidic acid phosphatase protein gene (ACP6) were studied. DNA fragments (869, 1778, 1933 and 2618 bp) corresponding to partial sequences of ACP6,CGN,ANXA9 and SLC27A3 genes were isolated. Direct sequencing of PCR products amplified from different cattle breeds revealed 1, 4, 4 and 2 SNPs for ACP6, CGN,ANXA9 and SLC27A3, respectively. For ANXA9 one SNP was located in exon 5 (A-->G 951) resulting in an amino acid change from histidine to arginine. Finally, ACP6,CGN,ANXA9 and SLC27A3 genes were located on chromosome 3 between ILSTS096 and BMS819 markers, in a region in which quantitative trait loci (QTL) for several milk traits have been described.