Title: Shifting inequalities. Patterns of exclusion and inclusion in emerging forms of political particiation
Authors: Stolle, Dietlind ×
Hooghe, Marc #
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Routledge
Series Title: European Societies vol:13 issue:1 pages:119-142
Abstract: Participation patterns in industrialized democracies have changed considerably since a couple of decades. While institutionalized forms of participation (e.g., party membership) are declining, we can observe a rise in the occurrence of non-institutionalized forms of political participation. In this article we pose the question what the effect of this trend has been for patterns of political stratification during the period 1974-2002.
It can be observed that gender differences have been substantially reduced and in some cases even reversed for non-institutionalized participation and women tend to be more active in these forms than men. Younger age groups also clearly have a preference for non-institutionalized forms. Stratification based on education level, however, remains on the same level as compared to the 1970‘s. These findings are conformed by a longitudinal analysis of Dutch Election Studies data for the period 1971-1998. We conclude that the emergence of new forms of political participation might have reduced age and gender based inequalities, it does not offer a solution for inequalities based on education level.
ISSN: 1461-6696
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Centre for Political Research
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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