Educational Philosophy and Theory vol:42 issue:5-6 pages:523-539
In this article, I turn my attention to the figure of the ignorant master, Joseph JacototJ that is depicted in The Ignorant Schoolmaster. Five Lessons in Intellectual Emancipation (1991). I will show that the voice of Jacotot can actually be read as a reaction against the progressive figure of the teacher which, following Ranciere's view, can be seen as effecting a stultification. In some respects, however, Ranciere's analysis of the pedagogical order no longer seems to be valid in today's partly reconfigured, pedagog1:caZ order that depicts the teacher in terms of facilitation. let, the figure of the Jacilitator can be seen as effecting a stultification as well. Therefore, I will stress that Jacotoe s voice is highly relevant today. The most important difference between the figure of the (old and current) figure of the stultifyer and that of the ignorant master is identified in their starting point. The stultifying master starts from the assumption of inequality.
S/he transforms taught material (words, text, images, etc.) into objects of knowledge or resources for competence development that open the door to another world. The ignorant master (Jacotot) assumes equal intelligence and draws attention to a thing in common. According to Ranciere, the ignorant master keeps the door closed and puts his/her students in the presence of a thing in common.