Title: New insights in glomerular filtration rate formulas and chronic kidney disease classification
Authors: Pottel, Hans ×
Hoste, Liesbeth
Martens, Frank #
Issue Date: Sep-2010
Publisher: Elsevier Scientific Pub. Co.
Series Title: Clinica Chimica Acta vol:411 issue:17-18 pages:1341-1347
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The MDRD Study equation is the most popular equation for estimating the glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) from serum creatinine (Scr), age, sex and race. Many articles deal with ethnic factors, correcting the MDRD Study equation for different populations, with more or less success. The new CKD-EPI equation introduced the concept of a population-normalized Scr in the eGFR equation for white men (Scr/0.90) and white women (Scr/0.70). METHODS: We introduce alternative mathematical forms for the MDRD Study equation and the CKD-EPI equation, using the concept of a population-normalized Scr, resulting in a more general and mathematically less complicated form for the eGFR equation. RESULTS: We show that the normalization constant corresponds to the mean Scr-value for the specific healthy population. We compared the established equations with the new alternative forms, and show that the differences are minimal. The sex/race dependency is completely comprehended in the normalization constant, making the alternative eGFR equations independent of sex and race. CONCLUSION: The age-dependency of eGFR remains and consequently age-dependent cutoff values for the classification of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) look more appropriate, contrary to the current classification rules. The population-normalized Scr which is independent of age, sex and race may serve as an alternative for the classification of CKD.
ISSN: 0009-8981
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medicine, Campus Kulak Kortrijk
Medicine Teaching Programs
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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