Echocardiography-a journal of cardiovascular ultrasound and allied techniques vol:27 issue:4 pages:407-414
Background: Quantification of left ventricular torsion may provide new indices of systolic and diastolic function. We sought to characterize the effect of acute manipulation of load on cardiac torsion, plecotropy in human subjects. Methods: Simultaneous Millar LV pressure, micromanometry, and echocardiograms were performed on 18 patients (10 male, mean age 66 years) with normal systolic function. Loading was altered sequentially by the administration of glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) and saline fluid loading. Echocardiographic speckle tracking imaging was used to quantify LV torsion and event timing was recorded relative to mitral valve opening (MVO). Results: GTN administration decreased preload (LV end diastolic pressure: 15.7 vs 8.4 mmHg, P < 0.001), and afterload (wall stress: 140 vs 84 x103dyn/cm2, P < 0.02). Administration of fluid increased preload (LVEDP 11.3 vs 18.1 mmHg, P < 0.001) and increased wall stress, but to a lesser extent (102 vs 117 x103dyn/cm2, P < 0.003). GTN administration augmented peak torsion (8.4 vs 11.0 deg, P < 0.05), increased systolic torsion velocity (46.6 vs 65.3deg/sec, P < 0.01) and resulted in earlier onset of untwisting (-105 vs -127ms, P < 0.05). Fluid loading decreased the proportion of untwisting prior to MVO (39.0 vs 31.0%, P < 0.05), untwisting acceleration (-750 vs -592deg/sec/sec, P < 0.05) and delayed the timing of peak untwisting (-37.0 vs 9.1ms, P < 0.01), but did not affect systolic torsion parameters. Conclusions: Left ventricular torsion parameters are sensitive to acute changes in load and therefore need to be interpreted in the context of current loading conditions. (ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY 2010;27:407-414).