Effects of eccentric jaw exercise on temporal summation in jaw-closing muscles of healthy subjects
Torisu, Tetsurou × Wang, Kelun Svensson, Peter De Laat, Antoon Tanaka, Mihoko Shimada, Akiko Ikoma, Akiko Murata, Hiroshi Arendt-Nielsen, Lars #
Elsevier sci ltd
European Journal of Pain vol:14 issue:7 pages:719-724
Eccentric jaw exercises has been known to cause muscle soreness but no studies have so far examined to what extent temporal summation mechanisms within the exercised muscles are changed. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of an eccentric biting exercise on the temporal summation, mechanical pressure sensitivity and jaw muscle activity. A total of 15 healthy men participated in a two-session-experiment: In one session, they performed 30 min controlled eccentric jaw exercise and the other session served as a no-exercise control. Soreness sensations at rest and during maximal biting, pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) and electromyographic (EMG) activity during maximal jaw biting were recorded before (baseline), immediately after (Post-task), and 1 day after the exercise (1-day-after). The temporal summation ratio using intra-muscular electrical stimulation of the masseter was investigated at baseline and at 1-day-after. The eccentric jaw exercise was associated with significant increases in soreness sensation and decreased PPTs at Post-task and at 1-day-after. The EMG activity and biting force did not change. The summation ratio was significantly decreased at 1-day-after in both sessions. The present findings demonstrate that eccentric jaw exercise does not induce detectable changes in temporal summation. However, the summation ratio may have clinical utility to differentiate the location of sensitization.