Title: Biological wastewater treatment in the inverse fluidised bed reactor
Authors: Sokół, Włodzimierz ×
Tsige, Alemayehu Ambaw
Woldeyes, Belay #
Issue Date: 15-Jul-2009
Publisher: Elsevier
Series Title: Chemical Engineering Journal vol:150 issue:1 pages:63-68
Abstract: The biological wastewater treatment was investigated in the inverse fluidised bed reactor (IFBR) in which polypropylene particles of density 910 kg/m3 were fluidised by an upward flow of gas. Measurements of chemical oxygen demand (COD) versus residence time t were performed for various ratios of settled bed volume to reactor volume (Vb/VR) and air velocities ug.

The largest COD removal was attained when the reactor was operated at the ratio (Vb/VR)m = 0.55 and an air velocity ugm = 0.024 m/s. Under these conditions, the value of COD was practically at steady state for times greater than 30 h. Thus, these values of (Vb/VR)m, ugm and t can be considered as the optimal operating parameters for a reactor when used in treatment of industrial wastewaters. A decrease in COD from 36,650 to 1950 mg/l, i.e. a 95% COD reduction, was achieved when the reactor was optimally controlled at (Vb/VR)m = 0.55, ugm = 0.024 m/s and t = 30 h. The pH was controlled in the range 6.5–7.0 and the temperature was maintained at 28–30 °C.

The biomass loading was successfully controlled in an IFBR with support particles whose matrix particle density was smaller than that of liquid. The steady-state biomass loading depended on the ratio (Vb/VR) and an air velocity ug. In the culture conducted after switching from the batch to the continuous operation, the steady-state biomass loading was attained after approximately 2-week operation. In the cultures conducted after change in (Vb/VR) at a set ug, the steady-state mass of cells grown on the particles was achieved after about 6-day operation. For a set ratio (Vb/VR), the biomass loading depended on ug. With change in ug at a set (Vb/VR), the new steady-state biomass loading occurred after the culturing for about 2
Description: A financial support received fromDeutscher Akademischer Austauch
Dienst (DAAD) by one of the authors (WS) during his stay at
Addis Ababa University is gratefully acknowledged.
ISSN: 1385-8947
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Division of Mechatronics, Biostatistics and Sensors (MeBioS)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

Files in This Item:

There are no files associated with this item.

Request a copy


All items in Lirias are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

© Web of science