Title: Generalized solvent scales as a tool for investigating solvent dependence of spectroscopic and kinetic parameters. Application to fluorescent BODIPY dyes
Authors: Filarowski, Aleksander
Kluba, Malgorzata
Cieslik-Boczula, Katarzyna
Koll, Aleksander
Kochel, Andrzej
Pandey, Lesley
De Borggraeve, Wim
Van der Auweraer, Mark
Catalan, Javier
Boens, Noël # ×
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Royal soc chemistry
Series Title: Photochemical & photobiological sciences vol:9 issue:7 pages:996-1008
Abstract: Two difluoroboron dipyrromethene (BODIPY) based fluorescent dyes-4,4-difluoro-3-{2-[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl]ethenyl}-8-[4-(methoxycarbonyl)phenyl]-1,5,7-trimethyl-3a, 4a-diaza-4-bora-s-indacene (1) and 4,4-difluoro-3-[2-(4-fluoro-3-hydroxyphenyl) ethenyl]-8[4-(methoxycarbonyl) phenyl]-1,5,7-trimethyl-3a, 4a-diaza-4-bora-s-indacene (3) - have been synthesized via condensation of p-N,N-dimethylaminobenzaldehyde and 4-fluoro-3-hydroxybenzaldehyde, respectively, with 4,4-difluoro-8-[4-(methoxycarbonyl) phenyl]-1,3,5,7-tetramethyl-3a,4a-diaza-4-bora- s-indacene (2). UV-vis spectrophotometry and steady-state and time-resolved fluorometry have been used to study the spectroscopic and photophysical characteristics of 1-3 in various solvents. The multi-parameter Kamlet-Taft {pi*, alpha, beta} solvent scales and a new, generalized treatment of the solvent effect, proposed by Catalan (J. Phys. Chem. B, 2009, 113, 5951-5960), have been used in the analysis of the solvatochromic shifts of the UV-vis absorption and fluorescence emission maxima of 1-3, and the rate constants of excited-state deactivation via fluorescence (k(f)) and radiationless decay (k(nr)). The four Catalan solvent scales (dipolarity, polarizability, acidity and basicity of the medium) are the most appropriate for describing the solvatochromic effects. Solvent dipolarity and polarizability are the important causes for the solvatochromism of 1. Conversely, the absorption and emission maxima of 2 and 3 are hardly dependent on the solvent: the small changes reflect primarily the polarizability of the solvent surrounding the dye. Fluorescence decay profiles of 1 can be described by a single-exponential function in aprotic solvents, whereas two decay times are found in alcohols. The fluorescence decays of 2 (lifetimes tau in 1.9-2.9 ns range) and 3 (t between 3.5 and 4.0 ns) are mono-exponential in all solvents studied. The fluorescence properties of dye 1 are very sensitive to the solvent: upon increasing solvent dipolarity, the fluorescence quantum yields and kf values decrease and the emission maxima become more red-shifted. The kf values of 2 [(1.6 +/- 0.3) x 10(8) s(-1)] and 3 [(1.5 +/- 0.2) x 10(8) s(-1)] are practically independent of the solvent properties. The crystal structure of 2 reveals that the BODIPY core is nearly planar with the boron atom moved out of the plane. The angle between the phenyl group at the meso-position and the BODIPY plane equals 80 degrees..
ISSN: 1474-905X
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Molecular Design and Synthesis
Biochemistry, Molecular and Structural Biology Section
Molecular Imaging and Photonics
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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