Title: Potential regional differences for the tolerability profiles of fluoropyrimidines
Authors: Haller, Daniel G ×
Cassidy, Jim
Clarke, Stephen J
Cunningham, David
Van Cutsem, Eric
Hoff, Paulo M
Rothenberg, Mace L
Saltz, Leonard B
Schmoll, Hans-Joachim
Allegra, Carmen
Bertino, Joseph R
Douillard, Jean-Yves
Gustavsson, Bengt G
Milano, Gerard
O'Connell, Michael
Rustum, Youcef
Tabernero, Josep
Gilberg, Frank
Sirzén, Florin
Twelves, Chris #
Issue Date: May-2008
Publisher: Grune & Stratton
Series Title: Journal of Clinical Oncology vol:26 issue:13 pages:2118-2123
Abstract: PURPOSE: We conducted a retrospective analysis of safety data from randomized, single-agent fluoropyrimidine clinical trials (bolus fluorouracil/leucovorin [FU/LV] and capecitabine) to test the hypothesis that there are regional differences in fluoropyrimidine tolerability. METHODS: Treatment-related safety data from three phase III clinical studies were analyzed by multivariate analysis: two comparing capecitabine with bolus FU/LV in metastatic colorectal cancer (MCRC) and one comparing capecitabine plus oxaliplatin (XELOX) with bolus FU/LV as adjuvant treatment for colon cancer. The United States (US) was compared with non-US countries (all three studies) and with the rest of the world and East Asia (adjuvant study). RESULTS: In the MCRC studies (n = 1,189), more grade 3/4 adverse events (AEs; relative risk [RR], 1.77), dose reductions (RR, 1.72), and discontinuations (RR, 1.83) were reported in US versus non-US patients. Likewise, in the adjuvant colon cancer study (n = 1,864), more grade 3/4 AEs (RR, 1.47) and discontinuations (RR, 2.09) were reported in US versus non-US patients. After further dividing non-US patients into those in East Asia and the rest of the world, differential RRs for related grade 3/4 AEs, grade 4 AEs, and serious AEs were again observed, with East Asian patients having the lowest and US patients the highest RR. CONCLUSION: Regional differences exist in the tolerability profiles of fluoropyrimidines. More treatment-related toxicity was reported in the US compared with the rest of the world for bolus FU/LV and capecitabine in first-line MCRC and adjuvant colon cancer. In the adjuvant setting, a range of fluoropyrimidine tolerability was observed, with East Asian patients having the lowest, and US patients the highest, RR.
ISSN: 0732-183X
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Translational Research in GastroIntestinal Disorders
Clinical Digestive Oncology (+)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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