Title: Unusual Deviations from Bulk Behavior in Ultrathin Films of Poly(tert-butylstyrene): Can Dead Layers Induce a Reduction of T-g?
Authors: Napolitano, Simone ×
Pilleri, Alessandro
Rolla, Pierangelo
W├╝bbenhorst, Michael #
Issue Date: Feb-2010
Publisher: Amer chemical soc
Series Title: Acs nano vol:4 issue:2 pages:841-848
Abstract: The temperature and thickness dependence of the thermal expansivity of ultrathin thin films of poly(tert-butylstyrene) capped between aluminum layers revealed an unusual and intriguing confinement scenario. Below 50 nm, both the glass transition temperature and the thermal expansion coefficients decreased. Such a mixed behavior implies an enhancement of the molecular mobility, without the presence of any free surface, but dead layers, On the basis of a careful analysis of averaged quantities measured by capacitive dilatometry, we deduced a profile of thermal expansivity that explains our experimental data and previous observations in polymer nanocomposites. The effect of density-conformation coupling in proximity of a nonattractive interface allows the coexistence of an immobilized fraction in direct contact with the metal and an excess of thermal expansivity, arising from the long-range effects of packing frustration penetrating inside the bulk-like core of the film.
ISSN: 1936-0851
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Soft Matter and Biophysics
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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