Substituted 2-(3',4',5'-trimethoxybenzoyl)-benzo[b]thiophene derivatives as potent tubulin polymerization inhibitors
Romagnoli, Romeo × Baraldi, Pier Giovanni Carrion, Maria Dora Cruz-Lopez, Olga Tolomeo, Manlio Grimaudo, Stefania Di Cristina, Antonietta Pipitone, Maria Rosaria Balzarini, Jan Brancale, Andrea Hamel, Ernest #
The central role of microtubules in cell division and mitosis makes them a particularly important target for anticancer agents. On our early publication, we found that a series of 2-(3',4',5'-trimethoxybenzoyl)-3-aminobenzo[b]thiophenes exhibited strong antiproliferative activity in the submicromolar range and significantly arrested cells in the G2-M phase of the cell cycle and induced apoptosis. In order to investigate the importance of the amino group at the 3-position of the benzo[b]thiophene skeleton, the corresponding 3-unsubstituted and methyl derivatives were prepared. A novel series of inhibitors of tubulin polymerization, based on the 2-(3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoyl)-benzo[b]thiophene molecular skeleton with a methoxy substituent at the C-4, C-5, C-6 or C-7 position on the benzene ring, was evaluated for antiproliferative activity against a panel of five cancer cell lines, for inhibition of tubulin polymerization and for cell cycle effects. Replacing the methyl group at the C-3 position resulted in increased activity compared with the corresponding 3-unsubstituted counterpart. The structure-activity relationship established that the best activities were obtained with the methoxy group placed at the C-4, C-6 or C-7 position. Most of these compounds exhibited good growth inhibition activity and arrest K562 cells in the G2-M phase via microtubule depolymerization.