Title: Timing of renal replacement therapy and clinical outcomes in critically ill patients with severe acute kidney injury
Authors: Bagshaw, Sean M ×
Uchino, Shigehiko
Bellomo, Rinaldo
Morimatsu, Hiroshi
Morgera, Stanislao
Schetz, Miet
Tan, Ian
Bouman, Catherine
Macedo, Ettiene
Gibney, Noel
Tolwani, Ashita
Oudemans-van Straaten, Heleen M
Ronco, Claudio
Kellum, John A #
Issue Date: Mar-2009
Publisher: Grune & Stratton
Series Title: Journal of Critical Care vol:24 issue:1 pages:129-140
Abstract: PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between timing of renal replacement therapy (RRT) in severe acute kidney injury and clinical outcomes. METHODS: This was a prospective multicenter observational study conducted at 54 intensive care units (ICUs) in 23 countries enrolling 1238 patients. RESULTS: Timing of RRT was stratified into "early" and "late" by median urea and creatinine at the time RRT was started. Timing was also categorized temporally from ICU admission into early (<2 days), delayed (2-5 days), and late (>5 days). Renal replacement therapy timing by serum urea showed no significant difference in crude (63.4% for urea <or=24.2 mmol/L vs 61.4% for urea >24.2 mmol/L; odds ratio [OR], 0.92; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.73-1.15; P = .48) or covariate-adjusted mortality (OR, 1.25; 95% CI, 0.91-1.70; P = .16). When stratified by creatinine, late RRT was associated with lower crude (53.4% for creatinine >309 micromol/L vs 71.4% for creatinine <or=309 micromol/L; OR, 0.46; 95% CI, 0.36-0.58; P < .0001) and covariate-adjusted mortality (OR, 0.51; 95% CI, 0.37-0.69; P < .001). However, for timing relative to ICU admission, late RRT was associated with greater crude (72.8% vs 62.3% vs 59%, P < .001) and covariate-adjusted mortality (OR, 1.95; 95% CI, 1.30-2.92; P = .001). Overall, late RRT was associated with a longer duration of RRT and stay in hospital and greater dialysis dependence. CONCLUSION: Timing of RRT, a potentially modifiable factor, might exert an important influence on patient survival. However, this largely depended on its definition. Late RRT (days from admission) was associated with a longer duration of RRT, longer hospital stay, and higher dialysis dependence.
ISSN: 0883-9441
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Intensive Care Medicine
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

Files in This Item:

There are no files associated with this item.

Request a copy


All items in Lirias are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

© Web of science