Clinical and experimental immunology vol:88 issue:1 pages:50-5
The expression of the selectin receptor LAM-1/Leu 8 was analysed in normal and in inflamed liver tissue, and its expression on mononuclear inflammatory cells was correlated with their topographical distribution in various compartments of the inflamed liver, in order to obtain new insights on possible molecular mechanisms involved in the traffic of mononuclear inflammatory cells throughout the diseased hepatic parenchyma. In normal liver tissue, few scattered mononuclear cells in portal and lobular parenchyma corresponded to both CD4+ and CD8+, as well as to CD45RA+ (2H4+) naive and CD45RO+ (UCHL1+) memory T cells, and were LAM-1/Leu 8+. In acute and chronic inflamed liver biopsies, CD45RO+ (UCHL1+) CD4+ and CD8+ memory T cells largely predominated in both portal and lobular parenchyma. The expression of LAM-1/Leu 8 antigen on these memory T cells varied according to their localization in the liver parenchyma, and it was not correlated with specific aetiological causes. In acute hepatitis, the vast majority of T lymphocytes were LAM-1/Leu 8-. In chronic active hepatitis, memory T cells in portal tracts expressed LAM-1/Leu 8, whereas virtually all intralobular T cells accumulating in areas of periportal and intralobular inflammation were LAM-1/Leu 8-. In chronic persistent hepatitis, the LAM-1/Leu 8+ T cells largely predominated among the numerous mononuclear inflammatory cells within enlarged portal tracts, whereas LAM-1/Leu 8- T cells were restricted to areas of intralobular 'spotty' inflammation. Therefore, two phenotypical populations can be recognized among the memory T cells in inflamed liver tissue, according to their topographical localization: LAM-1/Leu 8+ T cells predominating in portal tracts, and LAM-1/Leu 8- T cells predominating in the lobular parenchyma. These data show that during their migration through the inflamed liver parenchyma, memory T lymphocytes undergo phenotypical changes (LAM-1/Leu 8 shedding) according to their localization in different liver compartments (portal tracts vs. lobular parenchyma), suggesting multiple cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in the regulation of the leucocyte traffic through inflamed liver tissue.