Magnetic resonance imaging of cartilage and cartilage repair
Verstraete, K L × Almqvist, F Verdonk, P Vanderschueren, G Huysse, W Verdonk, R Verbrugge, G #
Clinical radiology vol:59 issue:8 pages:674-89
Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of articular cartilage has assumed increased importance because of the prevalence of cartilage injury and degeneration, as well as the development of new surgical and pharmacological techniques to treat damaged cartilage. This article will review relevant aspects of the structure and biochemistry of cartilage that are important for understanding MR imaging of cartilage, describe optimal MR pulse sequences for its evaluation, and review the role of experimental quantitative MR techniques. These MR aspects are applied to clinical scenarios, including traumatic chondral injury, osteoarthritis, inflammatory arthritis, and cartilage repair procedures.