Gynecologic and obstetric investigation vol:70 issue:3 pages:186-191
A 50-year-old female complained of a painless abdominal distension. Histopathologic examination after cystectomy showed a primary poorly differentiated retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenocarcinoma with a sarcoma-like mural nodule. The patient subsequently underwent total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, appendectomy, omentectomy and lymphadenectomy. Adjuvant chemotherapy consisted of 6 times carboplatin (AUC 7) in monotherapy (every 4 weeks). Based on 49 cases of primary retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenocarcinoma, we discuss the histogenesis and we define the appropriate treatment.