Title: Disability and treatment of specific mental and physical disorders across the world
Authors: Ormel, Johan
Petukhova, Maria
Chatterji, Somnath
Aguilar-Gaxiola, Sergio
Alonso, Jordi
Angermeyer, Matthias C
Bromet, Evelyn J
Burger, Huibert
Demyttenaere, Koen
de Girolamo, Giovanni
Haro, Josep Maria
Hwang, Irving
Karam, Elie
Kawakami, Norito
Lépine, Jean Pierre
Medina-Mora, María Elena
Posada-Villa, José
Sampson, Nancy
Scott, Kate
Ustün, T Bedirhan
Von Korff, Michael
Williams, David R
Zhang, Mingyuan
Kessler, Ronald C # ×
Issue Date: May-2008
Publisher: Royal Medico-Psychological Association
Series Title: British Journal of Psychiatry vol:192 issue:5 pages:368-75
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Advocates of expanded mental health treatment assert that mental disorders are as disabling as physical disorders, but little evidence supports this assertion. AIMS: To establish the disability and treatment of specific mental and physical disorders in high-income and low- and middle-income countries. METHOD: Community epidemiological surveys were administered in 15 countries through the World Health Organization World Mental Health (WMH) Survey Initiative. RESULTS: Respondents in both high-income and low- and middle-income countries attributed higher disability to mental disorders than to the commonly occurring physical disorders included in the surveys. This pattern held for all disorders and also for treated disorders. Disaggregation showed that the higher disability of mental than physical disorders was limited to disability in social and personal role functioning, whereas disability in productive role functioning was generally comparable for mental and physical disorders. CONCLUSIONS: Despite often higher disability, mental disorders are under-treated compared with physical disorders in both high-income and in low- and middle-income countries.
ISSN: 0007-1250
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Research Group Psychiatry
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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