Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers B, Journal of Engineering Manufacture vol:226 issue:6 pages:980-991
During Selective Laser Melting, the irradiated material experiences large temperature fluctuations in a short time which causes unwanted thermal stresses. In order to assess thermal stresses in a simple and fast way a new pragmatic method is developed, namely the Bridge Curvature Method (BCM). The BCM is used to assess and qualitatively compare the influence of different laser scan patterns, laser parameter settings and more fundamental process changes on residual stresses. The results from the experiments as well as the findings from literature lead to two general conclusions: changes which reduce the high temperature gradient, like using short scan vectors and preheating of the base plate, reduce the thermal stresses. And, thermal stresses in a particular direction can be reduced by optimal choice of the orientation of scan vectors. The experiments indicate the reliability of the Bridge Curvature Method. Statistical analysis is used to check the repeatability of the method and to quantify the uncertainties during measurement.