Use of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) for assessment of personality in chronic fatigue syndrome
Van Campen, Elise × Van Den Eede, Filip Moorkens, Greta Schotte, Chris Schacht, Rik Sabbe, Bernard G C Cosyns, Paul Claes, Stephan #
Psychosomatics vol:50 issue:2 pages:147-154
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is characterized by severe and prolonged fatigue, along with a set of nonspecific symptoms and signs, such as sore throat, muscle pain, headaches, and difficulties with concentration or memory. OBJECTIVE: The study examined whether CFS is associated with specific dimensions of Cloninger's psychobiological model of personality. METHOD: Personality profiles were compared between 38 CFS patients and 42 control subjects by means of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI). RESULTS: The CFS group showed significantly higher scores on Harm-Avoidance and Persistence. CONCLUSION: The current study shows a significant association between specific personality characteristics and CFS. These personality traits may be implicated in the onset and/or perpetuation of CFS and may be a productive focus for psychotherapy.