Title: Pegylated Liposomal Doxorubicin and Carboplatin Compared With Paclitaxel and Carboplatin for Patients With Platinum-Sensitive Ovarian Cancer in Late Relapse
Authors: Pujade-Lauraine, Eric ×
Wagner, Uwe
Aavall-Lundqvist, Elisabeth
Gebski, Val
Heywood, Mark
Vasey, Paul A
Volgger, Birgit
Vergote, Ignace
Pignata, Sandro
Ferrero, Annamaria
Sehouli, Jalid
Lortholary, Alain
Kristensen, Gunnar
Jackisch, Christian
Joly, Florence
Brown, Chris
Le Fur, Nathalie
du Bois, Andreas #
Issue Date: Jul-2010
Publisher: Grune & Stratton
Series Title: Journal of Clinical Oncology vol:28 issue:20 pages:3323-3329
Abstract: PURPOSE This randomized, multicenter, phase III noninferiority trial was designed to test the efficacy and safety of the combination of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) with carboplatin (CD) compared with standard carboplatin and paclitaxel (CP) in patients with platinum-sensitive relapsed/recurrent ovarian cancer (ROC). PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with histologically proven ovarian cancer with recurrence more than 6 months after first- or second-line platinum and taxane-based therapies were randomly assigned by stratified blocks to CD (carboplatin area under the curve [AUC] 5 plus PLD 30 mg/m(2)) every 4 weeks or CP (carboplatin AUC 5 plus paclitaxel 175 mg/m(2)) every 3 weeks for at least 6 cycles. Primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS); secondary end points were toxicity, quality of life, and overall survival. Results Overall 976 patients were recruited. With median follow-up of 22 months, PFS for the CD arm was statistically superior to the CP arm (hazard ratio, 0.821; 95% CI, 0.72 to 0.94; P = .005); median PFS was 11.3 versus 9.4 months, respectively. Although overall survival data are immature for final analysis, we report here a total of 334 deaths. Overall severe nonhematologic toxicity (36.8% v 28.4%; P < .01) leading to early discontinuation (15% v 6%; P < .001) occurred more frequently in the CP arm. More frequent grade 2 or greater alopecia (83.6% v 7%), hypersensitivity reactions (18.8% v 5.6%), and sensory neuropathy (26.9% v 4.9%) were observed in the CP arm; more hand-foot syndrome (grade 2 to 3, 12.0% v 2.2%), nausea (35.2% v 24.2%), and mucositis (grade 2-3, 13.9% v 7%) in the CD arm. CONCLUSION To our knowledge, this trial is the largest in recurrent ovarian cancer and has demonstrated superiority in PFS and better therapeutic index of CD over standard CP.
ISSN: 0732-183X
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Gynaecological Oncology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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