Cell and tissue research vol:177 issue:1 pages:47-56
By means of single and double immuno-enzyme cytochemical staining techniques, it was shown that the external region of the amphibian median eminence contains separate vasotocinergic and mesotocinergic nerve fibres. Moreover, it was demonstrated that the vasotocinergic fibres also contain neurophysin. In animals in which the hypothalamic magnocellular neurosecretory preoptic nuclei had been completely removed, the immuno-reactive vasotocinergic and mesotocinergic fibres of the median eminence had disappeared. From this result, it is concluded that, at least the great majority of the vasotocinergic and mesotocinergic fibres of the external region of the amphibian median eminence are processes of neurosecretory perikarya located in the hypothalamic magnocellular preoptic nuclei. On the other hand, our results do not exclude the possibility that a minority of these neurosecretory fibres originate from small immuno-reactive perikarya which were found in the tuber cinereum. The observation that both kinds of processes accumulate around blood capillaries of the hypophysial portal system strongly suggests that they play a role in the control of the activity of the pars distalis of the hypophysis.