Genetic risk of atherosclerotic renal artery disease: the candidate gene approach in a renal angiography cohort
van Onna, Marieke × Kroon, Abraham A Houben, Alphons J H M Koster, Derk Zeegers, Maurice Henskens, Léon H G Plat, Arian W Stoffers, Henri E J H de Leeuw, Peter W #
Hypertension vol:44 issue:4 pages:448-53
It is largely unknown to what extent genetic abnormalities contribute to the development of atherosclerotic renal artery disease. Among the potential candidate genes, those of the renin-angiotensin system and the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) rank high because of their importance in the atherosclerotic process. We investigated the association of polymorphisms in these genes (the angiotensinogen Met235Thr, the angiotensin-converting enzyme insertion/deletion, the angiotensin II type-1 receptor A1166C, and the eNOS Glu298Asp) with the presence or absence of atherosclerotic renovascular disease in 456 consecutive hypertensive patients referred for renal angiography on the suspicion of renovascular hypertension. Nondiseased normotensive (n=200) and hypertensive (n=154) patients from a family practice served as external controls. Renal artery disease was present in 30% of our angiography group. The Asp allele of the eNOS Glu298Asp polymorphism was associated with atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis with an odds ratio of 1.44 (95% confidence interval 1.00 to 2.09) versus hypertensives with angiographically proven patent arteries, of 1.89 (1.24 to 2.87) versus hypertensive family practice controls, and of 2.09 (1.29 to 3.38) versus normotensive family practice controls. However, this allele also differed significantly between patients with patent renal arteries and normotensive and hypertensive controls. No differences were found with respect to the other genetic polymorphisms. We hypothesize that the Asp allele of the Glu298Asp polymorphism may predispose to the development of atherosclerotic lesions but that renal artery involvement depends on other factors, also.