Title: Micro-biofuel cell powered by glucose/O-2 based on electro-deposition of enzyme, conducting polymer and redox mediators: Preparation, characterization and performance in human serum
Authors: Ammam, Malika ×
Fransaer, Jan #
Issue Date: Feb-2010
Publisher: Elsevier
Series Title: Biosensors & Bioelectronics vol:25 issue:6 pages:1474-1480
Abstract: In this study we report a new simple process to manufacture a biofuel cell consisting of a glucose oxidase (GOx) based anode and a laccase (LAc) based cathode. The process is based on the electro-deposition of the enzymes, conducting polymer and redox mediators from ultrapure water at a potential of 4V vs. AgCl/Ag. Contrary to the conventional electro-deposition from high ionic strength (buffer solution) at low applied potential (1 V vs. AgCl/Ag) where only thin films could be deposited, leading to BFC with moderate power, the electro-deposition from ultrapure water at 4V allows the growth of thick films leading to BFC with high power output. It was observed that the combination of polypyrrole (PPy), with ferrocenium hexafluorophosphate (FHFP) and pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) to be appropriate for the electron transfer at the GCx bioanode, while the combination of polypyrrole with bis-(bipyridine)-(5-amino-phenanthroline) ruthenium his (hexafluorophosphate)(RuPy) and 4,4-sulfonyldiphenol (SDP) to be effective for the electron transfer at the LAc biocathode. The working biofuel cell was studied at 37 degrees C in phosphate buffer solution at pH 7.4 containing 10 mM glucose and in human serum. Under these conditions, the maximum power density reached 3.1 mu W mm(-2) at a cell voltage of 0.28 V in buffer solution and 1.6 mu W mm(-2) at a cell voltage of 0.21 V in human serum. This study offers a new route to the development of enzymatic BFCs with high performance and provides information on enzymatic BFCs as in vivo power sources. (c) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0956-5663
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Chemical and Extractive Metallurgy Section (-)
Department of Materials Engineering - miscellaneous
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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