ITEM METADATA RECORD
Title: Mammography screening attendance: meta-analysis of the effect of direct-contact invitation
Authors: Denhaerynck, Kris ×
Lesaffre, Emmanuel
Baele, Jo
Cortebeeck, Kaat
Van Overstraete, Eef
Buntinx, Frank #
Issue Date: Oct-2003
Series Title: American Journal of Preventive Medicine vol:25 issue:3 pages:195-203
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Personal or telephone contact methods are often used to increase attendance for mammography screening. A meta-analysis of the literature was performed to assess the overall effect of direct-contact recruitment on mammography participation. METHODS: Two independent reviewers conducted two different search strategies. Each reviewer screened the search results for (quasi-)randomized-controlled trials that tested single women-targeted interventions. Twenty-one of 22 candidate studies that met the inclusion criteria could be included. These studies described 25 eligible interventions. Guided by a standardized protocol, a reviewer assessed the methodologic quality of each intervention and extracted the following data: (1) the number of women (from experimental and control groups) before and after the intervention, (2) details of the study population, (3) the type of intervention, and (4) the control condition. On the basis of a quality ranking, a cumulative random-effects meta-analysis was performed using relative risk as an indicator of intervention effect. RESULTS: Depending on the cumulative step, the analysis revealed that direct-contact strategies improved attendance from 21% (95% confidence interval [CI]; 10%-34%) to 46% (95% CI; 32%-61%). CONCLUSIONS: Evidence from experimental studies supports the effect of direct-contact strategies in which women are invited to participate in mammography screening. Future research will have to define the specific modalities in which these interventions can be adopted in a cost-effective manner.
URI: 
ISSN: 0749-3797
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Leuven Biostatistics and Statistical Bioinformatics Centre (L-BioStat)
Academic Center for General Practice
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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