Title: Structure-Activity Relationship of 4(5)-Aryl-2-amino-1H-imidazoles, N1-Substituted 2-Aminoimidazoles and Imidazo[1,2-a]pyrimidinium Salts as Inhibitors of Biofilm Formation by Salmonella Typhimurium and Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Authors: Steenackers, Hans ×
Ermolatev, Denis
Savaliya, Bharat
De Weerdt, Ami
De Coster, David
Shah, Anamik
De Vos, Dirk
Vanderleyden, Jozef
De Keersmaecker, Sigrid
Van der Eycken, Erik #
Issue Date: Jan-2011
Publisher: ACS Publications
Series Title: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry vol:54 issue:2 pages:472-484
Abstract: A library of 112 4(5)-aryl-2-amino-1H-imidazoles, 4,5-diphenyl-2-amino-1H-imidazoles, and N1-substituted 4(5)-phenyl-2-aminoimidazoles was synthesized and tested for the antagonistic effect against biofilm formation by Salmonella Typhimurium and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The substitution pattern of the 4(5)phenyl group and the nature of the N1-substituent were found to have a major effect on the biofilm inhibitory activity. The most active compounds of this series were shown to inhibit the biofilm formation at low micromolar concentrations. Furthermore, the influence of 6 imidazo[1,2-a]pyrimidines and 18 imidazo[1,2-a]pyrimidinium salts on the biofilm formation was tested. These compounds are the chemical precursors of the 2-aminoimidazoles in our synthesis pathway. A good correlation was found between the activity of the imidazo[1,2-a]pyrimidinium salts and their corresponding 2-aminoimidazoles, supporting the hypothesis that the imidazo[1,2-a]pyrimidinium salts are possibly cleaved by cellular nucleophiles to form the active 2-aminoimidazoles. However, the imidazo[1,2-a]pyrimidines did not show any biofilm inhibitory activity, indicating that these molecules are not susceptible to in situ degradation to 2-aminoimidazoles. Finally, we demonstrated the lack of biofilm inhibitory activity of an array of 37 2N-substituted 2-aminopyrimidines, which are the chemical precursors of the imidazo[1,2-a]pyrimidinium salts in our synthesis pathway.
ISSN: 0022-2623
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Centre of Microbial and Plant Genetics
Molecular Design and Synthesis
Centre for Surface Chemistry and Catalysis
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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