Journal of environmental engineering-asce vol:136 issue:3 pages:316-325
The reservoir concept for flow modeling has been generalized for the purpose of the parsimonious modeling of combined sewer overflow pollution. Conceptual models have been used for the buildup and washoff of pollutants on the paved surfaces, and the transport of these pollutants in the sewer system (advection, dispersion, sedimentation, and resuspension). For the parsimonious modeling of the water quality of the sewage in the effluent of the combined sewer system, the conceptual submodels of these different processes were lumped into one single model equation. When ancillary structures such as a storage sedimentation tank are present at the combined sewer overflow, the additional effect of advection, dispersion, storage, and sedimentation is considered in a similar parsimonious conceptual way. Such a parsimonious model aims to reduce the model complexity, and therefore the number of calibration parameters. In most practical cases of urban drainage modeling, water quality data are extremely limited and consequently only a small number of parameter values can be identified from the data. The proposed model is tested on the basis of 10-min and hourly concentration measurements for total suspended solids, settleable solids, biochemical oxygen demand, and ammonia at the outlet of the combined sewer system of the village of Dessel (Belgium), which were available in this case only for six overflow events.