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Title: Early exercise training after myocardial infarction prevents contractile but not electrical remodelling or hypertrophy
Authors: Bito, Virginie
de Waard, Monique C
Biesmans, Liesbeth
Lenaerts, Ilse
Ozdemir, Semir
van Deel, Elza
Abdel Mottaleb, Yousra
Driesen, Ronald
Holemans, Patricia
Duncker, Dirk J
Sipido, Karin # ×
Issue Date: Apr-2010
Publisher: British Medical Association
Series Title: Cardiovascular Research vol:86 issue:1 pages:72-81
Abstract: AIMS: Exercise started early after myocardial infarction (MI) improves in vivo cardiac function and myofilament responsiveness to Ca(2+). We investigated whether this represents partial or complete reversal of cellular remodelling. METHODS AND RESULTS: Mice with MI following left coronary ligation were given free access to a running wheel (MI(EXE), N = 22) or housed sedentary (MI(SED), N = 18) for 8 weeks and compared with sedentary sham-operated animals (SHAM, N = 11). Myocytes were enzymatically isolated from the non-infarcted left ventricle. Myocytes in MI were significantly longer and even more so with exercise (165 +/- 3 microm in MI(EXE) vs. 148 +/- 3 microm in MI(SED) and 136 +/- 2 microm in SHAM; P < 0.05, mean +/- SEM); cell width was not different. Contraction was measured during electrical field stimulation at 1, 2, and 4 Hz. Unloaded cell shortening was significantly reduced in MI(SED) (at 1 Hz, L/L(0)=4.4 +/- 0.3% vs. 6.7 +/- 0.4% in SHAM; P < 0.05, also at 2 and 4 Hz). Exercise restored cell shortening to SHAM values (MI(EXE), L/L(0)=6.4 +/- 0.5%). Membrane currents and [Ca(2+)](i) were measured via whole-cell patch clamping, with Fluo-3 as Ca(2+) indicator, all at 30 degrees C. Ca(2+) transient amplitude, I(CaL) and sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) content were not different between the three groups. Diastolic Ca(2+) levels at 4 Hz were significantly elevated in MI(SED) only, with a trend to increased spontaneous Ca(2+) release events (sparks). Action potential duration was increased and transient outward K(+) currents significantly reduced after MI; this was unaffected by exercise. CONCLUSIONS: Early voluntary exercise training after MI restores cell contraction to normal values predominantly because of changes in the myofilament Ca(2+) response and has a beneficial effect on diastolic Ca(2+) handling. However, the beneficial effect is not a complete reversal of remodelling as hypertrophy and loss of repolarizing K(+) currents are not affected.
ISSN: 0008-6363
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Experimental Cardiology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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