Social Enterprise Journal vol:5 issue:3 pages:229-258
Purpose – The sector of work integration social enterprises (WISEs) has grown considerably all across Europe during the last few decades. Unfortunately, many governments do not have a clear sight on the profile of WISEs they are supporting. The purpose of this paper is to provide a detailed profile of WISEs in Flanders and identify shifts and differences within and between WISE work forms.
Design/methodology/approach – Data are utilized from a newly designed monitoring instrument
to capture the profile of WISEs in Flanders (Belgium). This paper discusses some methodological
issues in using administrative data to monitor this sector, and present a profile at the enterprise level
and at the worker level. Parametric and nonparametric tests are applied to assess the significance of
profile shifts and differences within this sector.
Findings – One of the dominant features of the analysis has been the identification of profound
differences that can be observed between the work forms and the slighter differences that are observed
within the work forms while comparing start-ups to their mature counterparts. Therefore, it might be
concluded that the policy framework on the social insertion economy as it currently exists in Flanders
has a strong regulative impact on the WISEs in Flanders. This impact translates itself through
differences in the profile of enterprises, as well as differences in the profile of the target group workers
Originality/value – A dataset combining administrative data are created to estimate enterprise and
target group worker profiles in this sector. The discussion on methodological aspects involved
contributes to the literature on monitoring this sector.