Proceedings of the national academy of sciences of the united states of america vol:107 issue:11 pages:5208-5213
Glucose homeostasis is critically dependent on insulin release from pancreatic beta-cells, which is strictly regulated by glucose-induced oscillations in membrane potential (Vm) and the cytosolic calcium level ([Ca2+](cyt)). We propose that TRPM5, a Ca2+-activated monovalent cation channel, is a positive regulator of glucose-induced insulin release. Immunofluorescence revealed expression of TRPM5 in pancreatic islets. A Ca2+-activated nonselective cation current with TRPM5-like properties is significantly reduced in Trpm(5-/-) cells. Ca2+-imaging and electrophysiological analysis show that glucose- induced oscillations of V-m and [Ca2+](cyt) have on average a reduced frequency in Trpm5(-/-)islets, specifically due to a lack of fast oscillations. As a consequence, glucose-induced insulin release from Trpm5(-/-) pancreatic islets is significantly reduced, resulting in an impaired glucose tolerance in Trpm5(-/-) mice.