Proceedings of the 5th Young Researchers Symposium
Young Researchers Symposium (YRS) edition:5 location:Leuven date:29-30 March 2010
Abstract—Currently, utility companies in Europe are trying to overcome new challenges, such as generation diversiﬁcation, greenhouse gas emissions regulation, energy conservation, demand response and a new liberalized market system. It is clear that these cannot be resolved with the current infrastructure. A next-generation grid, commonly referred to as “the smart grid” is expected to be the solution to these issues. Effectively, a smart grid is the convergence of ICT with power systems engineering. A lot of ideas and techniques concerning smart grids are already in use, albeit quite isolated (such as IEDs (Intelligent Electronic Devices), “supervisory control and data acquisition” (SCADA) and AMR (Automated Meter Reading) ) and thus can’t be considered a breakthrough. For a grid to be “smart”, a well designed layer of intelligence placed over the assets of a utility should provide the basis for new fundamental grid applications. For example, demand response and VPPs (virtual power plants) would require tight integration of smart meters, home networks and distribution transformers or substations. This illustrates the importance of an appropriate communication infrastructure on multiple levels. In this paper an architectural overview of the smart grid is presented along with an overview of existing ICT standards related to the smart grid.