Title: Mechanical Dispersion Assessed by Myocardial Strain in Patients After Myocardial Infarction for Risk Prediction of Ventricular Arrhythmia
Authors: Haugaa, Kristina H ×
Smedsrud, Marit Kristine
Steen, Torkel
Kongsgaard, Erik
Loennechen, Jan Pål
Skjaerpe, Terje
Voigt, Jens-Uwe
Willems, Rik
Smith, Gunnar
Smiseth, Otto A
Amlie, Jan P
Edvardsen, Thor #
Issue Date: Mar-2010
Publisher: Elsevier
Series Title: JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging vol:3 issue:3 pages:247-256
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate whether myocardial strain echocardiography can predict ventricular arrhythmias in patients after myocardial infarction (MI). BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) is insufficient for selecting patients for implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy after MI. Electrical dispersion in infarcted myocardium facilitates malignant arrhythmia. Myocardial strain by echocardiography can quantify detailed regional and global myocardial function and timing. We hypothesized that electrical abnormalities in patients after MI will lead to LV mechanical dispersion, which can be measured as regional heterogeneity of contraction by myocardial strain. METHODS: We prospectively included 85 post-MI patients, 44 meeting primary and 41 meeting secondary ICD prevention criteria. After 2.3 years (range 0.6 to 5.5 years) of follow-up, 47 patients had no and 38 patients had 1 or more recorded arrhythmias requiring appropriate ICD therapy. Longitudinal strain was measured by speckle tracking echocardiography. The SD of time to maximum myocardial shortening in a 16-segment LV model was calculated as a parameter of mechanical dispersion. Global strain was calculated as average strain in a 16-segment LV model. RESULTS: The EF did not differ between ICD patients with and without arrhythmias occurring during follow-up (34 +/- 11% vs. 35 +/- 9%, p = 0.70). Mechanical dispersion was greater in ICD patients with recorded ventricular arrhythmias compared with those without (85 +/- 29 ms vs. 56 +/- 13 ms, p < 0.001). By Cox regression, mechanical dispersion was a strong and independent predictor of arrhythmias requiring ICD therapy (hazard ratio: 1.25 per 10-ms increase, 95% confidence interval: 1.1 to 1.4, p < 0.001). In patients with an EF >35%, global strain showed better LV function in those without recorded arrhythmias (-14.0% +/- 4.0% vs. -12.0 +/- 3.0%, p = 0.05), whereas the EF did not differ (44 +/- 8% vs. 41 +/- 5%, p = 0.23). CONCLUSIONS: Mechanical dispersion was more pronounced in post-MI patients with recurrent arrhythmias. Global strain was a marker of arrhythmias in post-MI patients with relatively preserved ventricular function. These novel parameters assessed by myocardial strain may add important information about susceptibility for ventricular arrhythmias after MI.
ISSN: 1936-878X
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Cardiology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

Files in This Item:

There are no files associated with this item.

Request a copy


All items in Lirias are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

© Web of science