European Journal of Medical Genetics vol:53 issue:3 pages:136-140
Wolf-Hirschhorn Syndrome (WHS) is caused by deletions on chromosome 4p and is clinically well defined. Genotype-phenotype correlations of patients with WHS point to a critical locus to be responsible for the main characteristics of this disorder. Submicroscopic duplications of this region, however, are not known. Here we report a patient with an interstitial 560kb duplication overlapping this critical locus. The present case shows that not only deletions but also duplications of the Wolf-Hirshhorn critical region cause mental retardation and multiple congenital anomalies. Interestingly, the duplication phenotype overlaps partially with the deletion phenotype. However, his facial phenotype differs from the typical WHS gestalt.