Gynecologic and obstetric investigation vol:70 issue:1 pages:69-72
Background: Spontaneous liver rupture during pregnancy is extremely rare, and often associated with hypertensive disorders. Maternal outcomes are poor and morbidity is high. Case: A 27-year-old women (G1P0), pregnant with monochorionic-monoamniotic twins, developed extensive abdominal pain while she was electively admitted at 32 weeks for fetal pulmonary maturation. Diagnosed with preterm labor, a caesarean section was performed. Postoperatively, our patient deteriorated and a second laparotomy revealed an extensive liver rupture. There was no evidence of hypertensive disorders or hepatic tumors. After perihepatic packing and embolization, our patient required long-term treatment in our intensive care unit. She survived, and both mother and children are healthy after 6 months. Conclusion: Despite being rare, spontaneous liver rupture in absence of hypertensive disorders during pregnancy is associated with high maternal morbidity and mortality. Adequate treatment requires a multidisciplinary approach.