European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery vol:39 issue:3 pages:340-345
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the impact of CO(2) venography on the planning and outcome of native arteriovenous fistula (AVF) creation. METHODS: Records of patients who underwent CO(2) venography prior to access surgery between January 2000 and December 2008 were reviewed. CO(2) venography was performed selectively in chronic kidney disease (CKD) in stage IV-V patients without suitable veins on clinical examination. Findings at surgery were compared to CO(2) venography images. Patency of AVFs was analysed by the Kaplan-Meier method. Differences in outcome of maturation were compared using a chi(2) test. RESULTS: A total of 209 CO(2) venograms were obtained in 116 patients. In 89 patients (77%), 101 AVFs (21 forearm AVF (21%) and 80 elbow AVF (79%) were created. Surgical findings corresponded with CO(2) venography findings in 90% of patients. In 10 cases (10%), access was created at the elbow despite a patent forearm cephalic vein on CO(2) venography (n = 2) or access was attempted with a vein which was thought to be unsuitable on CO(2) venography (n = 8). Maturation rate of the latter was 50% (4/8) vs. 88% (80/91) for AVFs created with veins considered usable (P = 0.004). The overall maturation rate was 84% with 1-year primary, assisted primary and secondary patency rates of 63%, 70% and 71%, respectively. CONCLUSION: CO(2) venography is a useful tool for venous mapping prior to vascular access surgery, resulting in an overall maturation rate of 84% and good patency rates.