Central European Journal of Biology vol:5 issue:3 pages:318-323
In the last decade, infections caused by Candida glabrata have become more serious, particularly due to its decreased susceptibility to azole derivatives and its ability to form biofilm. Here we studied the resistance profile of 42 C. glabrata clinical isolates to different azoles, amphotericin B and echinocandins. This work was also focused on the ability to form biofilm which plays a role in the development of antifungal resistance. The minimal inhibitory concentration testing to antifungal agents was performed according to the CLSI (Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute) M27-A3 protocol. Quantification of biofilm was done by XTT reduction assay. All C. glabrata clinical isolates were resistant to itraconazole and sixteen also showed resistance to fluconazole. All isolates remained susceptible to voriconazole. Amphotericin B was efficient in a concentration range of 0.125-1 mg/L. The most effective antifungal agents were micafungin and caspofungin with the MIC100 values of ≤0.0313-0.125 mg/L. Low concentrations of these agents reduced biofilm formation as well. Our results show that resistance of different C. glabrata strains is azole specific and therefore a single azole resistance cannot be assumed to indicate general azole resistance. Echinocandins proved to have very high efficacy against clinical C. glabrata strains including those with ability to form biofilm.