1. In anaesthetized cats the left maxillary and mandibular canine and incisor teeth were extracted. Nine weeks later the animals were anaesthetized again and titanium implants were placed into the edentulous ridge of the maxilla and mandible. 2. Terminal experiments were performed between 9 weeks and 10 months after inserting the implants. Recordings were made from the trigeminal ganglia and peripheral nerves of anaesthetized cats. Neurones were identified which responded to forces applied to the maxillary teeth but none was found which responded to forces applied to the implant. 3. The responses of motor units in the temporalis muscle were studied in response to ramp-plateau forces applied to the maxillary canine tooth and maxillary implant using peristimulus time histograms and cumulative sum (cusum) analysis. A small amount of inhibition of the motor units was observed in response to the applied forces to the implant. However, the inhibition was much more profound when similar forces were applied to the tooth. 4. The results confirm that when forces are applied to a tooth, periodontal mechanoreceptors are stimulated which evoke reflex inhibitions to motor units in the jaw-closing muscles. However, there is evidence that mechanoreceptors situated distant to the periodontium can also evoke such reflexes. 5. The results are discussed in relation to the overall functional role of periodontal mechanoreceptors in the reflexes of mastication.