Orofacial diagnostic imaging has grown dramatically in recent years. As the use of endosseous implants has revolutionized oral rehabilitation, a specialized technique has become available for the preoperative planning of oral implant placement: cone beam computed tomography (CT). This imaging technology provides 3D and cross-sectional views of the jaws. It is obvious that this hardware is not in the same class as CT machines in cost, size, weight, complexity, and radiation dose. It is thus considered to be the examination of choice when making a risk-benefit assessment. The present review deals with imaging modalities available for preoperative planning purposes with a specific focus on the use of the cone beam CT and software for planning of oral implant surgery. It is apparent that cone beam CT is the medium of the future, thus, many changes will be performed to improve these. Any adaptation of the future systems should go hand in hand with a further dose optimalization.
Guerrero M.E., Jacobs R., Loubele M., Schutyser F., Suetens P., van Steenberghe D., ''State-of-the-art on cone beam CT imaging for preoperative planning of implant placement'', Clinical oral investigations, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 1-7, March 2006.