Title: Standing sway: iterative estimation of the kinematics and dynamics of the lower extremities from force-plate measurements
Authors: Levin, Oron
Mizrahi, Joseph ×
Shoham, Moshe #
Issue Date: Apr-1998
Publisher: Springer
Series Title: Biological Cybernetics vol:78 issue:4 pages:319-327
Abstract: In this study, a model for the estimation of the dynamics of the lower extremities in standing sway from force plate data only is presented. A three-dimensional, five-segment, four-joint model of the human body was used to describe postural standing sway dynamics. Force-plate data of the reactive forces and centers of pressure were measured bilaterally. By applying the equations of motion to these data, the transversal trajectory of the center of gravity (CG) of the body was resolved in the sagittal and coronal planes. An inverse kinematics algorithm was used to evaluate the kinematics of the body segments. The dynamics of the segments was then resolved by using the Newton-Euler equations, and the model's estimated dynamic quantities of the distal segments were compared with those actually measured. Differences between model and measured dynamics were calculated and minimized, using an iterative algorithm to re-estimate joint positioning and anthropometric properties. The above method was tested with a group of 11 able-bodied subjects, and the results indicated that the relative errors obtained in the final iteration were of the same order of magnitude as those reported for closed loop problems involved in direct kinematic measurements of human gait.
ISSN: 0340-1200
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Non-KU Leuven Association publications
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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