Bonding efficacy of polyalkenoic acids to hydroxyapatite, enamel and dentin
Fukuda, R × Yoshida, Y Nakayama, Y Okazaki, M Inoue, S Sano, H Suzuki, K Shintani, H Van Meerbeek, Bart #
Biomaterials vol:24 issue:11 pages:1861-7
Previously, we introduced a methodology to determine the chemical bonding potential of polyalkenoic acids to mineralized tissues through quantification of the degree of ionic bond formation between the carboxyl groups of a polyalkenoic acid with calcium of hydroxyapatite. In a continuation of that study, we now investigated in how far the chemical bonding potential to synthetic hydroxyapatite is influenced by the molecular structure of the polyalkenoic acid and if this also may affect the self-adhesiveness to enamel and dentin. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry were used to quantitatively analyze the chemical bonding efficacy of a polyalkenoic acid consisting of acrylic acid units (PAA) to synthetic hydroxyapatite (HAp) in comparison to the chemical bonding potential of the previously investigated synthesized polyalkenoic acid (s-PA) co-polymer consisting of 90w/w% acrylic and 10w/w% maleic acid units. In addition, the analysis was carried out for enamel and dentin samples. PAA revealed a significantly lower bonding effectiveness with only half of its carboxyl groups bonded to HAp versus about two-third of the carboxyl groups of s-PA. The difference in bonding potential was confirmed by the considerably lower adhesiveness of PAA to enamel and dentin as compared to that of s-PA The present findings indicate that the molecular structure of the polyalkenoic acid significantly influences the chemical bonding efficacy to Hap-based substrates.