This study was designed to gain insight into the influence of the attachment system on the loading conditions of oral implants supporting a mandibular overdenture on two implants. Five patients were selected and were provided with two implants in the canine area of the mandible (Brånemark System). All patients received a new mandibular overdenture that could be mounted on an ovoid-shaped bar (Dolder, C&M): (a) with and (b) without bilateral extensions and (c) on ball-attachments (Nobel Biocare). Using three strain gauges attached to the outer surface of the 5.5-mm standard abutments, the axial forces and bending moments on both supporting implants could be quantified. Load registrations were made during application of 50 N on seven predetermined positions along the occlusal surface of the prosthesis and during maximal biting in maximal occlusion (clenching). The results revealed no differences in induced axial force for the various anchorage devices, unlike the differences in bending moment. Although there is a tendency for better axial load sharing with bars and better sharing of bending moments with ball attachments, these differences were not significant.