Academy of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk, University of Oradea, University of Balearic Islands
European Journal of Physical and Health Education vol:2 issue:1 pages:47-57
The first aim of this study was to examine and compare in-school and out-of-school physical activity in a sample of Flemish adolescents aged 15-18 years. Secondly, this study aimed to determine whether socio-demographic, sports club membership and perceived school physical activity (PA) environment variables were predictors of school-related and leisure-time PA. The sample comprised 436 boys and 312 girls with a mean age of 16,2 years (SD = 1,3). Socio-demographic variables (gender, age and education type), PA behaviour in diverse domains, sports club membership and perceived social and physical school environment variables related to PA were assessed by questionnaire. Average in-school PA levels were significantly lower than self-reported amounts of out-of-school PA and accounted for only 5-10% of total PA. This pattern was observed in both boys and girls and was consistent across the different grades. A positive agreement was observed between in-school and out-of-school PA. However, approximately half of the adolescents (53,9%) with the lowest in-school activity compensated out of school. Education type (general education) and perceived physical school environment regarding PA were significant predictors of school-related PA (summation of in-school PA and active transport to school). Gender (boys) and current sports club membership were significant predictors of leisure-time PA (summation of out-of-school PA and active transport during leisure time). Our findings highlight the importance of development of school-community sport links in promoting PA among adolescents.