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Title: Alle gekheid in een hokje. Over de wortels van het psychiatrisch essentialisme
Authors: Adriaens, Pieter ×
De Block, Andreas #
Issue Date: 2010
Series Title: Tijdschrift voor Filosofie vol:72 issue:1 pages:7-39
Abstract: Psychiatry tends to make order out of disorder. Although mental disorders are not natural kinds, many psychiatrists still conceive of mental disorders as discrete entities with a distinct and primarily biological etiology. To a certain extent, such psychiatric essentialism is shared by lay people as well. In this paper, we explicate what the natural kind view of mental disorders amounts to, and why it is implausible. Most importantly, however, we spell out a number of factors that account for the success of the natural kind view in scientific and popular thinking, despite its being ontologically flawed. Building upon recently developed theories about ‘folk biology’ and ‘psychological essentialism’, we argue that different historical processes have homogenized psychiatric populations, thereby making these populations prone to trigger the folk biology module and its essentializing mechanisms.
ISSN: 0040-750X
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Centre for Logic and Analytical Philosophy
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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