Title: The hierarchical cluster analysis of oral health attitudes and behaviour using the Hiroshima University--Dental Behavioural Inventory (HU-DBI) among final year dental students in 17 countries
Authors: Komabayashi, Takashi ×
Kawamura, Makoto
Kim, Kang-Ju
Wright, Fredrick A C
Declerck, Dominique
Goiâs, Maria do Carmo Matias Freire
Hu, De-Yu
Honkala, Eino
Lévy, Gérard
Kalwitzki, Matthias
Polychronopoulou, Argy
Yip, Kevin Hak-Kong
Eli, Ilana
Kinirons, Martin J
Petti, Stefano
Srisilapanan, Patcharawan
Kwan, Stella Y L
Centore, Linda S #
Issue Date: Oct-2006
Series Title: International dental journal vol:56 issue:5 pages:310-316
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To explore and describe international oral health attitudes/ behaviours among final year dental students. METHODS: Validated translated versions of the Hiroshima University-Dental Behavioural Inventory (HU-DBI) questionnaire were administered to 1,096 final-year dental students in 17 countries. Hierarchical cluster analysis was conducted within the data to detect patterns and groupings. RESULTS: The overall response rate was 72%. The cluster analysis identified two main groups among the countries. Group 1 consisted of twelve countries: one Oceanic (Australia), one Middle-Eastern (Israel), seven European (Northern Ireland, England, Finland, Greece, Germany, Italy, and France) and three Asian (Korea, Thailand and Malaysia) countries. Group 2 consisted of five countries: one South American (Brazil), one European (Belgium) and three Asian (China, Indonesia and Japan) countries. The percentages of 'agree' responses in three HU-DBI questionnaire items were significantly higher in Group 2 than in Group 1. They include: "I worry about the colour of my teeth."; "I have noticed some white sticky deposits on my teeth."; and "I am bothered by the colour of my gums." CONCLUSION: Grouping the countries into international clusters yielded useful information for dentistry and dental education.
ISSN: 0020-6539
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Biomaterials - BIOMAT
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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